In 2016 Japanese cell biologist Yoshinori Ohsumi won the Nobel Prize in Medicine for his autophagy process research. He medically proved that fasting activates the autophagy process that can help cells recycle and renew their content. Regular fasting can slow down the aging process and positively impact cell renewal.
After his discovery, intermittent fasting became very popular strategy among people who care about their shape and health. So let's find out how intermittent fasting works and what fasting plans are best for you.
Intermittent fasting1Collier R. 2013 Jun 11. Intermittent fasting: the science of going without. CMAJ. DOI:10.1503/cmaj.109-4451 is a simple eating pattern that cycles between periods of eating and fasting. During the fasting phase, your body falls into ketosis – metabolic process that burns fat for energy instead of carbohydrates. Ketosis helps with to weight loss and improves overall health.
For beginner, the whole concept seems a bit daunting since there are so many different schedules, and it's hard to know which one is right to choose. The most popular schedule is 16/8 where the 16 hours of fasting interchange with 8 hours of eating occasions. Will discuss the whole variety of programs, so you’ll find the best option that matches with your lifestyle and goals.
There are many theories about why intermittent fasting works. Still, the most compelling one is that your body burns fat2Shaoyong Xu, Yuxin Jiang, Yuhai Zhang, Wenlei Xu, and others. 2022 Dietary recommendations for fasting days in an alternate-day intermittent fasting pattern: A randomized controlled trial Nutrition, Volume 102. DOI:10.1016/j.nut.2022.111735 more efficiently when you fast. Since you're going to be eating fewer calories than you usually would, your body will burn fat for energy instead of storing it.
This means that even if you eat after fasting, you won't gain weight from food intake because most of what goes into your system will be burned up by your body first, lasting up to 48 hours.
In addition to weight loss3Johnstone A. 2015. Fasting for weight loss: an effective strategy or latest dieting trend? Int J Obes (Lond). DOI:10.1038/ijo.2014.214, intermittent fasting also comes with some other additional benefits:
Intermittent fasting is generally safe, and healthy and has many health benefits. But it can also have some drawbacks:
If you're looking to start intermittent fasting, here are a few things you should keep in mind:
16:8 - Also known as the Leangains protocol, it involves fasting for 16 hours per day, then eating during an 8-hour window. For example, if you eat at noon each day, you'd finish eating at 8 pm that same night.
20:4 - To do it, fast for 20 hours per day and eat within a 4-hour window, usually in the evening. For example, eat dinner at 6 p.m, then don't eat again until 2 p.m. the next day.
5:2 - With this plan you eat normally for five days a week and restrict calorie intake to 500 - 600 on two non-consecutive days per week.
18:6 - This plan involves fasting for 18 hours and limiting meals to six hours during the remaining 6 hours of the day.
12:12 - To do it, eat for 12 hours and fast for 12 hours each day. For example, if you fast from 6 pm to 6 am, the rest of the day would be your feeding window.
14:10 - To do it, fast for 14 hours, and your eating window is 10 hours. For example, you can eat dinner at 7 p.m. and fast until 9 a.m. the next day.
19:5 - This schedule involves fasting for 19 hours and eating for 5 hours. It's best for a beginner or those who need help sticking to a strict diet.
24 hour fast - It is a simple form of intermittent fasting. To do it, eat your last meal at dinner and then don't eat again until the next day at dinner time. For example, if you usually eat dinner at 7 p.m., stop eating at 7 p.m., then don't eat again until 7 p.m. the next day.
Warrior diet - Involves fasting for 20 hours and then eating for 4. The fast begins after dinner, and the feeding window can start at 8 am.
Alternate day fasting - This plan involves eating on alternate days, but the fasts are not absolute. You can still consume calories on the fast days, but you should keep them to about 500-600 calories.
The length of your fasting window depends on the kind of intermittent fasting schedule you're using. In general, most intermittent fasts last between 12 hours and 24 hours. You can choose an intermittent fast based on which plan fits your lifestyle best.
The best intermittent fasting method for weight loss will differ depending on your goals and body type. However, the 16:8 schedule is one of the best intermittent fasting methods for weight loss because it's easy to follow and is generally well-tolerated by women.
If you have any of the following conditions, you should talk to your doctor before starting an intermittent fasting plan:
Intermittent fasting is a great way to lose weight and improve your health, but the best thing about this diet is that it's so flexible and customizable. That means you can choose an intermittent fasting schedule based on what works for you, your goals, lifestyle, and dietary preferences.
Unimeal does not diagnose or suggest treatments. Any description of the diet, training plan or supplement should be discussed with your current physician or nutritionist. This article does not address specific conditions and is simply meant to provide general information on healthcare topics. Following any advice is at your own initiative and does not impose any responsibility on the blog authors for your health and safety.
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