Have you come across the "healthy plate rule" but don't know how to use it? In this article, you'll learn all about the guide to healthy, balanced eating - on your plate or in your lunch box.
Calories count but it doesn’t mean that you have to count calories. Calorie counting has multiple disadvantages including wrecked relations with food and lack of flexibility in your diet. Fortunately, there are two rules that you can combine to fill your meals with necessary nutrients and control your portion sizes.
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A number of people have no idea what food they should choose to stay healthy and what’s the right portion size for weight loss. The abundance of information may leave them confused and overwhelmed: Should they chose a paleo diet or go vegan, should they try eating 1,200 calories a day, or try intermittent fasting? Unimeal experts, along with the U.S. News rank the Mediterranean diet as the best diet overall, the best diet for heart health and diabetes, and the diet that is simplest to follow. This is why we recommend you to use its main principles along with two simple rules: the healthy plate rule and the hand rule.
The healthy plate rule provides a simple and effective way to find out the correct size of different types of food you should put on your plate. It is a handy tool for those who’re not sure about what to eat and for those of you, who, for some reason, can’t follow a personalized meal plan.
To apply the healthy plate rule, picture this: your plate is divided into four sections. Beside the plate, there is a glass representing dairy products, it shows how much milk or yogurt you can eat along with your solid meals. The four sections of the plate include grains, sources of protein, vegetables, and fruits.
First, fill half of your plate with fruits and vegetables. It’s better to have slightly more vegetables than fruits. Plant-based whole foods are nutritious. This means that they contain microelements and vitamins your body needs.
How fruits and veggies help you lose weight?
When your body receives all the micronutrients from whole foods, it doesn’t crave them as it would if you were fueling it with “empty calories.” This is one of many explanations why you become hungry soon after you’ve consumed highly-processed foods and can’t get satiated with ice-cream, burgers, and candies even though they are high in calories.
Another reason why fruits and veggies should be in your diet is that they are rich in fiber which is quite filling and stretches the walls of your stomach quicker. When your stomach is stretched, it sends hormonal signals to your brain telling it you’re full. Research1Miketinas D. K., Bray G. A., Beyl R. A. (2019, October 1). Fiber Intake Predicts Weight Loss and Dietary Adherence in Adults Consuming Calorie-Restricted Diets: The POUNDS Lost (Preventing Overweight Using Novel Dietary Strategies) Study. The Journal of Nutrition. DOI:10.1093/jn/nxz117 shows that fiber intake can speed up weight loss as it helps you control your appetite and daily caloric intake.
How to consume?
Canned fruit juices or dried fruits with added sugar are not as healthy as whole fruits. Fruits and vegetables should be consumed as close to their natural state as possible. To enrich your diet with micronutrients and vitamins, increase your consumption of leafy greens. Add spinach, parsley, cilantro, and other greens to fill your dishes with flavor and your body with antioxidants.
The healthy diet rule offers you to fill ¼ of your plate with grains. These should be whole grains like whole-wheat pasta, whole wheat bread, brown rice, buckwheat, and barley. Try to opt for these products and minimize the amount of overly processed carbs like white bread or white rice in your diet.
The rest ¼ of your plate should consist of protein sources. Ideally, your proteins should come from lean meats, poultry, fish, eggs, tofu, and beans.
Why protein is essential for healthy weight loss?
Proteins are the building blocks for muscles and the main component of many hormones and enzymes. They are necessary for body cell growth, they participate in the production of antibodies, ensuring the efficiency of the immune system. They are also responsible for your skin and hair beauty: Collagen and keratin are types of proteins.
Another benefit2Pesta D. H., Samuel V. T. (2014, November 19). A High-Protein Diet for Reducing Body Fat: Mechanisms and Possible Caveats. Nutrition and Metabolism. DOI:10.1186%2F1743-7075-11-53 of protein is that it has a higher thermic effect of food, which means your body needs more energy to digest protein. Proteins have a higher satiety3Soenen S., Westerterp-Plantenga M. S. (2008, November). Proteins and Satiety: Implications for Weight Management. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care. DOI:10.1097/mco.0b013e328311a8c4 level this is why you feel full for longer after the meal rich in protein.
How to consume?
High-protein and low-carb diets like Adkins, Keto, and Paleo can be efficient for fast weight, they might be dangerous for your overall health. Too much protein can increase your risk of kidney stones and other health conditions, so consult your doctor if you want to try them.
Remember that everything should be in moderation. Studies show that your body’s need for protein can vary from 0,8 g to 1,6 g4Phillips S. M., Chevalier S., Leidy H. J. (2016, February 9). Protein “Requirements” beyond the RDA: Implications for Optimizing Health. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. DOI:10.1139/apnm-2015-0550 of protein per 1 kg of your body weight. This number depends on your physical activity level, there is evidence5Phillips S. M., Van Loon L. J. C. (2011). Dietary Protein for Athletes: From Requirements to Optimum Adaptation. Journal of Sports Sciences. DOI:10.1080/02640414.2011.619204 that athletes need more protein than people with a sedentary lifestyle.
If your major goal is to lose body fat, reduce the number of empty calories you consume. Empty calories provide little to no nutritional value, which means they don’t fill your body with micronutrients and vitamins. Some examples of empty-calorie foods are soft drinks, alcohol, candies, cookies, and potato chips.
Why you should allow yourself some treats while on a diet?
If you really love your unhealthy treats, moderation without deprivation is important. Flexible and sustainable diets, as well as well-balanced meal plans, always allow you to have a sugary unhealthy snack once in a while to keep your mood and motivation up.
Note to remember: Don’t mountain your food on a plate building a tower!
The plate rule is easy to apply when it comes to full “square” meals like breakfast, lunch, and dinner, but what about snacks? In this case, the palm rule will come in handy. It will help you determine what’s your healthy portion size without measuring tools.
This is how much of various products you can eat:
The rule of the palm allows you to determine the ideal portion of any product for you using your hand.
We understand that people opt for calorie counting when they have trouble listening to their body signals. However, studies show that flexible dieting and intuitive eating are more beneficial6Stewart T. M., Williamson D. A., White M. A. (2002, February). Rigid vs. Flexible Dieting: Association with Eating Disorder Symptoms in Nonobese Women. Appetite. DOI:10.1006/appe.2001.0445 for mental health and more efficient for weight loss in the long run compared to rigid calorie counting.
Know the difference between physical hunger and emotional cravings to avoid overeating. Asking yourself questions like “Am I really hungry or just bored/sad/depressed” will help you in this quest.
Another tip that will help you stay mindful while eating is hiding your snacks. The best decision is to stop buying sugary snacks but this might be a problem if you live with kids or other people who’re not ready to sacrifice their eating habits for the sake of your weight loss. In this case, you can at least hide these foods in a cupboard, so they don’t tease you every time you see them.
Some studies7Espelund U., Hansen T. K., Højlund K. (2005, February). Fasting Unmasks a Strong Inverse Association between Ghrelin and Cortisol in Serum: Studies in Obese and Normal-Weight Subjects. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. DOI:10.1210/jc.2004-0604 show that intermittent fasting can decrease the level of the hunger hormone, ghrelin, over time. You might benefit from the 16/8 IF scheme if you’re prone to late-night dinners or have half of your daily caloric needs from snacks. Try eating three square meals a day, like our grandparents used to. Researchers find new and new evidence8De Cabo R., Mattson M. P. (2019, December 26). Effects of Intermittent Fasting on Health, Aging, and Disease. The New England Journal of Medicine. DOI:10.1056/nejmra1905136 proving that intermittent fasting can be beneficial for your lifespan, health, and even cognitive functions.
Note to remember: Intermittent fasting has some restrictions, so if you’re about to try its more extreme versions like 5:2 fasting or OMAD, first consult your doctor.
The main benefit of losing weight without counting calories is that this approach is sustainable and you can stick to it for the rest of your life. To get all the advantages of such flexible weight loss, stay consistent with the rules and recommendations we’ve proposed. Remember that losing weight should not be fast: Stay calm and just keep on going, slowly and steadily.
The healthy plate rule explains in a simple way what you should be eating and takes the confusion out of your diet. It’s an easy tool that helps you manage your portions and control your calorie intake. If something distracts you from following your personal meal plan from A to Z, apply the healthy plate rule and you will always be on the safe side.
You can make up a healthy size portion of any food by using your hand as a measuring tool. You can have a piece of chocolate or a handful of nuts once in a while and it won’t mess up your weight loss as far as you keep your calorie-dense treats in moderation.
Unimeal does not diagnose or suggest treatments. Any description of the diet, training plan or supplement should be discussed with your current physician or nutritionist. This article does not address specific conditions and is simply meant to provide general information on healthcare topics. Following any advice is at your own initiative and does not impose any responsibility on the blog authors for your health and safety.
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